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fetal ultrasound studies

Various studies have been undertaken over the last 45 years to determine what effect if any ultrasound in its many forms and uses during pregnancy has on the development of the fetus. None of these studies have proved that fetal ultrasound during pregnancy causes any harm to mother or fetus. Still, many organizations including the FDA and ACOG (American College of Obstetrics & Gynecology) have advised the prudent use of fetal ultrasound. When considering whether to use ultrasound in any form its best to have a grasp of the basics in order to make an informed decision about the health of yourself and your baby. At this time according to the many healthcare professionals around the world the consensus is that the use of ultrasound in moderation is safe. Be sure to consult with your physician when making decisions about your health and well being during pregnancy.

The New England Journal of Medicine , March 7, 1996 Volume 334; #10 "Uncertain Value of Electronic Fetal Monitoring in Predicting Cerebral Palsy" Karin Nelson, MD; James Dambrosia, PhD, Tricia Ting, BS; and Judith Grether, PhD Editorial by Dermot MacDonald, MB, MAO (National Maternity Hospital - Dublin, Ireland) give an overview of the history of fetal monitoring and it's relationship to detecting intrapartum problems that could be possibly associated with cerebral palsy.

MacDonald D., Grant A., Sheridan-Pereira M. et al. The Dublin randomized controlled trial of intrapartum fetal heart rate monitoring. AM J Obstet Gynecol 1995; 152:524-39.

Rosen MG and Dickinson JC. The paradox of electronic fetal monitoring: more data may not enable us to predict or prevent infant neurologic morbidity. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1993;168(3 Part I):745-751.

Shy KK. Larson EB, and Luthy DA. Evaluating a new technology: the effectiveness of electronic fetal monitoring in. Ann Rev Public Health 1987;8:165-190.

Thacker SB. The efficacy of intrapartum electronic fetal monitoring. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1987;156(1):24-30.

Prentice A and Lind T. Fetal heart rate monitoring during labour-too frequent intervention, too little benefit? Lancet 1987;2:1375-1377.

Grant A. Epidemiological principles for evaluation of monitoring programs-the Dublin experience. Clin Invest Med 1993;16(2):149-158.

Vintzileos AM et al. A randomized trial of intrapartum electronic fetal heart rate monitoring versus intermittent auscultation. N Engl J Med 1990;322(9):588-593.

Sandmire HF. Whither electronic fetal monitoring? Obstet Gynecol 1990;76(6):1130-1134.

Steer PJ et al. Interrelationships among abnormal cardiotocograms in labor, meconium staining of the amniotic fluid, arterial cord blood pH and Apgar scores. Obstet Gynecol 1989;74(5):715-721.

Sykes GS et al. Fetal Distress and condition of the newborn infants. Br Med J 1983;287:943-945.

Curzen P et al. Reliability of cardiotocography in predicting baby's condition at birth. Br Med J 1984;289:1345-1347..

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